The process of judgement on the Last Day can be conveniently discussed under four subheadings, corresponding to different aspects of the judgment:
1. Presentation of the Deeds (`Ard): each person’s deeds are presented before Allah, and thus they are exposed to their records, and to their Lord. This stage may therefore also be called the Exposing.
2. Questioning (Su’al): people are questioned about their deeds
3. Accounting or Reckoning (Hisab): people are held accountable, or brought to account, for their wrongs.
4. Judgement (Qada’) : judgement is given; the person comes to know whether he is destined to Heaven or to Hell. Continue reading “5e – Judgment”
Creatures of the Resurrection Plain
Mankind and jinn will be gathered there in their entirety, including even the rebellious devils.
“Then, by your Lord! We shall surely gather them, and the devils, and then We shall bring them around Hell on their knees.” [Qur’an, 19:68. See also 6:128] Also, “the days will be gathered in their forms.” [Tabarani] The earth shall be gathered there. “On that day, [the earth] shall relate its news, because your Lord shall have inspired it.” [Qur’an, 99:4-5] On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be well pleased with him) : The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) recited these verses, then asked, “Do you know what its news is?” The Companions replied, “Allah and His Messenger know best.” He said, “Its news is that it testifies over every male and female concerning that which he/she did on its surface; that it says, ‘He did such-and-such on such-and-such day. That is its news.” [Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Nasa’i] Animals will also be resurrected. “There is no animal upon the earth, nor any bird which flies with its two wings, except that they are nations like you. We have not neglected anything in the Record. Then, to their Lord shall they be gathered.” [Qur’an, 6:38] `Abdur-Razzaq has reported that Abu Hurayrah said that Allah will judge between the animals, and then after they have been given their justice, they will be turned to dust. At this point, the disbeliever will wish that he, too, would have been turned to dust. [See: Qur’an, 78:40.] Continue reading “5d – The Resurrection Plain”